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Agricultural Land Use Change in Central and Northeast Thailand: Effects on Biomass Emissions, Soil Quality and Rural Livelihoods

Researchers examining a field in Thailand.
What We Do

This project aims to understand the impacts of recent changes in rice and sugarcane production practices in central and northeast Thailand on biomass emissions from residue burning, soil quality and rural well-being.


Central and Northeast Thailand 

How Satellites Make This Work

This project conducts an interdisciplinary land use research project integrating satellite remote sensing, field-scale research, agro-ecosystem modeling, and socioeconomic analysis to understand the impacts of crop type and management practices such as residue burning on biomass emissions, soil carbon and rural well-being. The products developed under this project will inform regional land use and management planning and policy aimed at reducing biomass emissions and resulting air quality issues, meeting agricultural production demand and influencing the economic well-being of rural communities. These methodologies could be extended to other developing South Asian nations.

Varaprasad Bandaru, University of Maryland
Team Members
Eric Vermote, NASA, UMD
R. César Izaurralde, University of Maryland
Sergii Skakun, University of Maryland

Curtis Jones, University of Maryland

Klaus Hubacek, University of Maryland

Louis Giglio, University of Maryland

Bundit Fungtammasan, The Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment (JGSEE)

Huiran Jin, University of Maryland

Laixiang Sun, University of Maryland

Ramakrishna Nemani, University of Maryland

Savitri Garivait, University of Maryland

Sebastien Bonnet, University of Maryland